(2B1/2003) 8 Tracks Michael RoseAvas geboren im Western Kingston Ghetto von Waterhouse, Jamaika am 11. Juli 1957. Mit seinem unverwechselbaren kraftvolle Stimme, Michael Rose Stern tpci in jungen Jahren singt mit lokalen um Jamaika herum. 19´75 entdeckte Niney, der Beobachter. Michael Rose und produzierte seine ersten Aufnahmen, u.a.´Guess Who´s Coming to Dinner´. Das beweist seinen Erfolg als Soloaufnahme. Künstler, Im nächsten Jahr würde er Don Carlos als Leadsänger von Schwarzer Uhuru. Die Sas der 80er Jahre kamen, Black Uhuru schloss sich mit Sly zusammen. und Robbie zur Reggae-Supergruppe. Mit seinen Liedern wie´Shine Eye Gal´ und´Plastic Mile´, Black Uhuru und Michael Rose waren unterwegs. zu Ruhm und Ehre. Nach der Unterzeichnung auf Island, veröffentlichten sie kritisch deklamierte Alben wie´Sinsemil ´Chill Out´ und´Red´. Dann im Jahr 1984, ihr Album´Anthem´ wurde als erste Reggae-Aufnahme mit einem Grammy ausgezeichnet. Auszeichnung. Michael Rose dann 4ft Black Uhuru im Jahr 1985 zu verfolgen eine Solokarriere indem er sein eigenes Grammy Rose Label gründete. Nach kurzer Zeit entschied er sich für die um eine Pause von der Musik tAfarrn Kaffee auf seinem Land An Jamaica. Ungehört für 4 Jahre, Michael resdfaced in 1989, Unterzeichnung mit RCA. Sein in Europa und Japan sehr gut aufgenommen. weltweit mit dem Heartbeat-Label neu aufgelegt. Michbel. auch wiedervereinigt mit Sly und Robbie haben 1993 eine Reihe von Hits geschrieben. trotz einer Pause jemals verlangsamt wurde. Alben, die folgten, inklusive, Michael Wicked´,´Bonanza´ und´Part ´ Dieser Reichtum an Material ist die als einige der am stärksten gefährdeten Gae angesehen werden. Michael fährt fort um Live-Shows in der ganzen Welt zu spielen.
One of the most fascinating aspects of World War II was Japan´s use of suicide pilots known around the globe as kamikazes, though the Japanese referred to them as Tokubetsu kōgekitai (´´Special Attack Units´´). Translated as ´´God Wind´´, ´´Divine Wind´´, and ´´God Spirit´´, kamikazes would sink 47 Allied vessels and damage over 300 by the end of the war, but the rise in the use of kamikaze attacks was evidence of the loss of Japan´s air superiority and its waning industrial might. This method of fighting would become more common by the time Iwo Jima was fought over in early 1945, and it was especially prevalent during the invasion of Okinawa in April 1945. The ´´privilege´´ of being selected as a kamikaze pilot played directly into the deep-seated Japanese mindset of ´´death before defeat´´. The pilot training manual assured each kamikaze candidate that when they eliminated all thoughts of life and death, fear of losing the earthly life can be easily overcome. Still, not all cases of those chosen to be kamikazes were equally noble. Recruits were trained with torturous regimens or corporal punishment, and stories of mental impairment caused by drugs or saki abound. Some were described as ´´tottering´´ and dazed, being carried to their planes by maintenance officers, and forcibly pushed in if they backed down. Pilots who could not find their targets were told to turn around and spare their own lives for another day, but if a pilot returned nine times, he was to be shot. At the moment of collision, he was instructed to keep his eyes open at all times, and to shout ´´Hissatsu´´ (´´clear kill´´). The Kamikazes chronicles the history of Japan´s famous suicide pilots and explains when, why, and how Japan resorted to their use near the end of war. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Stan Chandler. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/034713/bk_acx0_034713_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Explains the formation of a new constitution, as well as the democratization and demilitarization processes Includes a bibliography for further reading Includes a table of contents The American occupation of Japan holds a singular and problematic place in the histories both of Japan and of American foreign policy. For the Japanese, the occupation marked the transition from war to peace, from authoritarianism to democracy, and from privation to plenty, making it a passage from one of the darkest chapters in Japanese history to one of the brightest. Nevertheless, the significance of that passage was fraught with ambiguities; after all, Japan did not win its new democracy through revolution from below in the form of a popular indigenous movement pressing for increased rights and a more open, inclusive politics. Instead, Japanese democracy came as a revolution from above, a system imposed wholesale and virtually without consultation by an occupying army whose Supreme Allied Commander General Douglas MacArthur wielded power as absolute and unchecked as any emperor. Many critics at the time and since have worried that the political system established by the occupation was thus somehow hollow, a thin veneer of participatory democracy resting uncomfortably atop a deeply conservative and hierarchical culture, symbolized above all by the continuing presence of an emperor. Others have argued that the contradictions of a radical democratic revolution from above are real but irrelevant. Presented for the first time with open space for genuine political speech and action, ordinary Japanese seized the opportunity to exercise agency over the course of their own lives, pulling Japan in directions that neither the old Japanese political elite nor the new American occupation authorities had foreseen. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Tim Welch. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/034395/bk_acx0_034395_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Fought over bitterly cold flecks of rock and tundra scattered across the remote waters marking the boundary between the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean, the Aleutian Islands campaign represented one of the strangest encounters of World War II. Curving southwestward from the southwest coast of Alaska like the tail of a stingray, the rugged, volcanic Aleutians belong to both the United States and Russia. The westernmost island, Attu, lies much closer to Russia´s Kamchatka Peninsula than to Alaska; the distance to Anchorage, Alaska measures approximately 2,000 miles. The moral impact of the Doolittle Raid in response to Pearl Harbor far outweighed the relatively minor material damage it inflicted; Japan lost face and the faith of its people in ultimate victory declined sharply. Americans responded with delight and a fresh upsurge of hope. Despite interrogating the eight American aircrew they captured (and butchering tens of thousands of Chinese civilians in reprisal for assisting the rest in their escape), the Japanese leadership remained divided in their opinions about the bombers´ origin. Many believed that the Americans had indeed devised a method of launching such large aircraft from an ordinary aircraft carrier. Many others, however, insisted the B-25s came from a land base, and only the Aleutians lay within a medium bomber´s operational range. In any case, Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku planned a move against Midway. Attacking the Aleutians provided an excellent diversion, in his opinion, permitting him time to take Midway and organize land-based strike aircraft there. He could then take his carriers to annihilate America´s Pacific Fleet, caught between the Aleutian Islands and Midway. Due to the belief that the Aleutian Islands might support the airfields from which the Doolittle bombers launched, Navy Order Eighteen from Imperial general HQ included a section decreeing ´´the invasion and occupation of the western Aleutians... in order to 1. Language: English. Narrator: David Zarbock. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/073086/bk_acx0_073086_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Following their rampage through Southeast Asia and the Pacific in the five months after Pearl Harbor, Japanese forces moved into the Solomon Islands, intending to cut off the critical American supply line to Australia. But when they began to construct an airfield on Guadalcanal in July 1942, the Americans captured the almost completed airfield for their own strategic use. The Japanese Army countered by sending to Guadalcanal a reinforced battalion under the command of Col. Kiyonao Ichiki. The attack that followed would prove to be the first of four attempts by the Japanese over six months to retake the airfield, resulting in some of the most vicious fighting of the Pacific War. During the initial battle on the night of August 20-21, 1942, Marines wiped out Ichiki´s men, who - imbued with ´´victory fever´´ - had expected a quick and easy victory. William H. Bartsch draws on correspondence, interviews, diaries, memoirs, and official war records, including those translated from Japanese sources, to offer an intensely human narrative of the failed attempt to recapture Guadalcanal´s vital airfield. The book is published by Texas A&M University Press. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Bill Nevitt. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/064498/bk_acx0_064498_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The subtle art of propaganda campaigns directed against one´s enemies has been a feature of war since ancient times. However, its potential for mass psychological impact created a new paradigm with the invention of modern electronic communications. Every nation involved in the Second World War, whether of the Allies or Axis, possessed an agency devoted to the mission of demoralizing and misleading the enemy, and virtually all artistic genres participated. Japanese propaganda was not a new invention to be used only against the United States. While the US lacked any international audience, preaching mostly to its own, Japan disseminated propagandistic material throughout all the Asian countries it eventually intended to conquer. In the years leading up to World War II, an intense study led by the Japanese government delved into the details of American culture and customs, particularly those dear to men of fighting age. Both countries, at one time or another, assaulted the Chinese world image as represented by ´´yellow monkeys´´, or the ´´yellow peril.´´ Both the US and Japan made excellent use of the ´´war poster´´, but among the most striking was an American-created image of a naked white woman slung over the shoulder of a Japanese officer, as if the entire American nation would be raped if the empire was allowed to prevail. By 1945, Japanese animation was in full swing, producing films such Momotaro: Sacred Sailors. American officers are portrayed as bulbous idiots as the noble Japanese seamen save the island. By the end of the war, the US instructed all copies to be destroyed, but one mysteriously survived. An American citizen stranded in Japan as an enemy alien during the war, Iva Toguri was a regular broadcaster on what became an ongoing thread of what she saw as entertainment for American sailors and their counterparts. The Japanese, generally unable to speak English with the necessary accuracy, sought to cause emotional fatigue among 1. Language: English. Narrator: Colin Fluxman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/096604/bk_acx0_096604_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.